Styles of address

The Royal Family

DignitarySalutationFinal SalutationIn Conversation

Her Majesty The Queen
Buckingham Palace
London  SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom
Note: The Queen's full title is "Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada." Normally one refers to "Her Majesty The Queen" or "The Queen."

Your Majesty:

I remain Your Majesty's faithful and devoted servant,

"Your Majesty" first, then "Ma'am"

His Royal Highness The Prince Philip,
Duke of Edinburgh
Buckingham Palace
London  SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom
Note: Normally one refers to "His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh" or "The Duke of Edinburgh."

Your Royal Highness:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Sir"

His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales
Clarence House
London  SW1A 1BA
United Kingdom
Note: Should never be referred as "Charles, Prince of Wales" or "Prince Charles.”

Your Royal Highness:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Sir"

His Royal Highness The Duke of York
Buckingham Palace
London  SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom
Note: Should never be referred as "Andrew, Duke of York" or "Prince Andrew."

Your Royal Highness:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Sir"

His Royal Highness The Earl of Wessex
Buckingham Palace
London  SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom

Your Royal Highness:
or
Lord Wessex:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Sir"

Her Royal Highness Sophie, Countess of Wessex

Buckingham Palace
London  SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom

Your Royal Highness:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Ma'am"

Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
Buckingham Palace
London SW1A 1AA
United Kingdom
Note: Should never be referred as "Princess Anne."

Your Royal Highness:

Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness" first, then "Ma'am"

Federal dignitaries

DignitarySalutationFinal SalutationIn
conversation
Governor General of Canada

His/Her Excellency
the Right Honourable (full name), C.C., C.M.M., C.O.M,
C.D.*
Governor General of Canada
Rideau Hall
1 Sussex Drive Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A1

* The Governor General may have other post-nominal letters, such as P.C., Q.C.

Excellency: Yours
truly,
"Your Excellency"
or
"Excellency" first, then
"Sir" or "Madam"
Spouse of the Governor General of Canada

Her/His Excellency (full name), C.C.
Rideau Hall
1 Sussex Drive Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A1

Excellency: / Dear Mr./Mrs. (name): Yours sincerely, "Your Excellency"
or
"Excellency"
first, then "Madam" or "Sir"
Former Governor General of Canada

The Right Honourable (full name), C.C., C.M.M., C.D.*
Address

* A former Governor General may have other post-nominal letters, such as P.C., Q.C.

Dear Mr./Mrs. (name): Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs."
(name)
or formal "Sir/Madam"
Prime Minister of Canada

The Right Honourable (full name), P.C., M.P.*
Prime Minister of Canada
Langevin Block
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A2

Note: the term "Mr. Prime Minister" should not be used

* The Prime Minister may have other post-nominals letters, such as Q.C.

Dear Prime Minister:
or
Prime Minister:
Yours sincerely, "Prime Minister"
first, then "Mr./Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"
Former Prime Minister of Canada

The Right Honourable (full name),P.C.,
and other post nominal letters, if applicable Address

Dear Mr./
Mrs./Ms./
Miss
(name):
Yours sincerely, "Sir" / "Madam"
or
"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"
Canadian Ministry
  1. Cabinet ministers

    For a Member of the House of Commons:

    The Honourable (full name), P.C., M.P.
    Minister of _________
    House of Commons Ottawa, Ontario
    K1A 0A6

    For a Senator:

    Senator the Honourable (full name), P.C.
    Minister of________
    The Senate
    Ottawa, Ontario
    K1A 0A4

  2. Minister of State

    The Honourable (full name), P.C., M.P.
    Minister of State (Portfolio)
    House of Commons
    Ottawa, Ontario
    K1A 0A6

Note: Members of the Ministry are members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and retain the title "Honourable" for life, using the initials P.C. after their name.The term "Mr. Minister" or "Madame Minister" should not be used. The term "Mr. Minister of State" or "Madame Minister of State" should not be used.
Dear Minister:
Dear Colleague: (between colleagues)

Dear Minister of State:
Dear Colleague: (between colleagues)

Yours sincerely,

Yours sincerely,

"Minister"
first, then
"Mr./Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"

"Minister of State"
first, then "Mr./Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"

Speaker of the Senate

The Honourable (full name), Senator
Speaker of the Senate
The Senate
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A4

Note: A senator who is a member of the Canadian Privy Council is addressed as "Senator the Honourable (name), P.C." After a Senator retires, he/she retains the title "Honourable" but the salutation is "Dear Sir/Madam" or "Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Dear Mr. Speaker:
Dear Madam Speaker:
Yours sincerely, "Mr. Speaker"
or
"Madam Speaker"
Speaker of the House of Commons

The Honourable (full name), M.P.
Speaker of the House of Commons
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6

Dear Mr. Speaker:
Dear Madam Speaker:
Yours sincerely, "Mr. Speaker"
or
"Madam Speaker"
Chief Justice of Canada

The Right Honourable (full name), P.C.
Chief Justice of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0J1

Dear Chief Justice: Yours sincerely, "Mr./Madam
Chief Justice"
first then
"Sir/Madam"
or "Mr./Mrs./Ms.
/Miss (name)"
Judges of Superior Courts

Supreme Court and Federal Court

The Honourable (full name)
Judge of the ___________ Court of Canada

Address

Dear Mr./
Madam Justice (name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Madam Justice"
Judges of the
Tax Court

The Honourable (full name)
Judge of the ___________ Court of Canada
Address

Dear Chief Judge/Judge (name): Yours sincerely, "Chief Judge / Judge (name)"
Senators

The Honourable (full name), Senator
The Senate
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A4

Note: A senator who is a member of the Queen's Privy Council is addressed as "Senator the Honourable (full name), P.C." After a Senator retires, he/she retains the title "Honourable" for life but the salutation is "Dear Sir/Madam" or "Dear Mr./Mrs./Ms./Miss (name)".

Dear Senator (name): Yours sincerely, "Senator (name)"
Members of the House of Commons

Mr. John Smith, M.P.
or
The Honourable John Smith, P.C., M.P.
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6

Note: The members of the House of Commons who are members of the Queen's Privy Council retain the title "Honourable" for life and use the initials "P.C." after their name. M.P.: Member of the House of Commons P.C., M.P.: Member of the Privy Council and Member of the House of Commons

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"
Canadian Ambassadors/High Commissioners Abroad

Mr./Mrs. (full name)

Ambassador of Canada to______

or

/High Commissioner for Canada to______


Address

Note: If a Canadian Ambassador or High Commissioner happens to be in Canada, or for a Canadian abroad, the form used is simply Ambassador or High Commissioner. The title "Excellency" is not accorded by a Canadian citizen to a Canadian Ambassador or High Commissioner, but is given by the government and citizens of the country to which the person is accredited.

Dear Ambassador / High Commissioner: Yours sincerely, "Mr. / Madam Ambassador / High Commissioner"

Provincial and territorial dignitaries

DignitarySalutationFinal SalutationIn
conversation

Lieutenant Governor
of a province
*
His/Her Honour the Honourable
(full name)
Lieutenant Governor of (Province)
Address
* The Lieutenant
Governor of a province
has the title "Honourable" for life; the courtesy title "His/Her Honour" is used only while in office.

Your Honour
or
My dear Lieutenant Governor:

Yours sincerely,

"Your Honour"
first, then
"Sir" or
"Madam"
or "Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Spouse of
a Lieutenant Governor
*
Her/His Honour
(full name)
Address
* The courtesy title "
His/Her Honour" is used only while the Lieutenant Governor is in office.

Your Honour: / Dear Mrs./Mr. (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Your Honour"
first, then "Madam/Mrs.
/Mr. (name)"

Former Lieutenant Governor
The Honourable
(full name)
Address

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Commissioner of a territory*
The Honourable
(full name)
Commissioner of (Territory)
Address
* The Commissioner of a territory has the title "Honourable" only while in office.

Commissioner (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Sir" or "Madam"
or
"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Premier of a province*
The Honourable
(full name),
M.L.A. or (M.P.P., M.N.A., or M.H.A.)
Premier of (Province)
Address
* The title "Honourable" is used only while in office, unless he/she is a member of the Privy Council.
The term "Mr./Madam Premier" should not be used.

Dear Premier:

Yours sincerely,

"Premier" first,then
"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Premier of a territory*
The Honourable
(full name), M.L.A.
Premier of (Territory)
Address
* The title "Honourable" is used only while in office, unless he/she is a member of the Privy Council.
The term "Mr./Madam Premier" should not be used.

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Provincial/territorial cabinet ministers
The Honourable
(full name), M.L.A. or
(M.P.P., M.N.A.
or M.H.A.)
Minister of ______________
Address
Note: A provincial/territorial
cabinet minister does
not retain the title "Honourable" after tenure of office unless he/she is
a member of the Privy Council.
M.L.A.: all provinces/territories
except for:
- Ontario (M.P.P.)
- Quebec (M.N.A.)
- Newfoundland (M.H.A.)
The term "Mr./Madam Minister" should not be used.

Dear Minister:
Dear Colleague: (between colleagues)

Yours sincerely,

"Minister"
first, then
"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name)"

Judges of Superior Courts
Appeal Court, Superior Court, Court of the Queen's Bench
The Honourable
(full name)
Judge of ______________
Address

Dear Mr./Madam Justice (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Mr./Madam Justice (name)"

Chief judges / judges
of provincial / territorial courts
*
The Honourable
(full name)
Provincial/Territorial
Court of _______________
Address
* The Table of Titles to be used in Canada now recognizes the title "Honourable" for provincially/territorially appointed judges. The courtesy title "His/Her Honour" is no longer appropriate given an official title has been granted.

Dear Chief Judge/Judge (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Judge (name)"

Members of a provincial/territorial legislative assembly
Mr. John Smith, M.L.A. or
(M.P.P., M.N.A., or M.H.A.)Name of
___________
Address
Note: Members of the Queen's Privy Council retain the title "Honourable" for life and use the initials "P.C." after their name.
M.L.A.: all provinces/territories except for:
- Ontario (M.P.P.)
- Quebec (M.N.A.)
- Newfoundland (M.H.A.)
P.C., M.L.A.: Member of the Privy Council and Member of the Legislative Assembly

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name),

Yours sincerely,

0"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name

Foreign dignitaries

DignitarySalutationFinal SalutationIn
conversation

An Emperor
His Imperial Majesty Akihito
Emperor of Japan
Address

Your dignified Majesty:

I have the honour to remain,
Your Imperial Majesty's obedient servant,

"Your Majesty" first, then
"Sire"

A King
His Majesty Juan Carlos
King of Spain
Address

Your Majesty/Sire:

I have the honour to remain,
Your Majesty's obedient servant,

"Your Majesty" first, then
"Sire"

A Queen
Her Majesty Queen Sophia
Queen of Spain
Address

Your Majesty/
Madame:

I have the honour to remain,
Your Majesty's obedient servant,

"Your Majesty" first, then
"Ma'am"

A Prince / Princess

With title "Royal Highness"
His Royal Highness
The Prince of the Asturies

Your Royal Highness:

I remain, Your Royal Highness,
Yours very truly,

"Your Royal Highness"
first, then
"Sir/Ma'am"

With title "Serene Highness"
His Serene Highness
The Prince of Monaco

Your Serene Highness:

I remain, Your Serene Highness,
Yours very truly,

"Your Serene Highness"
first, then
"Sir/Ma'am"

Without title "Highness"
Prince Alexandre de Mérode
Princess
(full name)

Prince:
Madame:

Yours very truly,
Yours very truly,

"Prince"
first, then
"Sir"
"Princess"
first, then
"Madam"

A President of a Republic
His/Her Excellency
(full name)
President of the
Republic of (name)
Address

Excellency:

Yours sincerely,

"Excellency"
first, then
"President"
or
"Sir/Madam"

The President of
the United States

His Excellency the Honourable
(full name)
President of
the United States
The White House
Washington, D.C.

Dear Mr. President:

Yours sincerely,

"Mr. President"
or
"Excellency"
first then
"Sir"

A Prime Minister
His/Her Excellency
(full name)
Prime Minister of (name)
Address

Dear Prime Minister:

Yours sincerely,

"Prime Minister"
or
"Excellency"
first, then
"Sir/Madam"
or
"Mr./Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"

Ambassadors/high commissioners of foreign countries
in Canada

His/Her Excellency
(full name)
Ambassador
of ________/
High Commissioner
for____________*
Address
* One exception:
British High Commissioner and
not High Commissioner for Britain

Dear Ambassador / High Commissioner:

Yours sincerely,

"Your Excellency"
or
"Excellency"

Religious dignitaries

DignitarySalutationFinal
Salutation
In
conversation
Roman Catholic Church The Pope

His Holiness Francis
Address

Your Holiness: I have the honour to remain Your Holiness's obedient servant,

"Your
Holiness"

A Cardinal

His Eminence
John Cardinal Smith
Address

Your Eminence:
or
Dear Cardinal (name):
Yours very truly,

"Your
Eminence"

An Archbishop
Bishop

The Most Reverend
(full name)*
Archbishop/
Bishop of(name of Diocese)
Address

* The Holy See has accorded the courtesy title "His Excellency"
to Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops; that title is not recognized by Canadian civil authorities.

Dear
Archbishop/
Bishop (name):
Yours very truly,

"Archbishop/
Bishop"

An Abbot

The Right Reverend
(full name)
Abbot of (name of ________)
Address

Right Reverend Father: or
Dear Abbott (name):
Yours sincerely

"Father Abbot"

A Canon

The Very Reverend
(full name)
Address

Dear Canon (name): Yours sincerely,

"Canon (name)"

A Priest*

The Reverend (full name)
Address

* Note: "Reverend" is an adjective which is never used without the full name.

Dear Father: Yours sincerely,

"Father"
or
"Father (name)"

A Sulpician

Mr.
(full name)
Address

Dear Mr. (name): Yours truly,

"Mr. (name)"

Religious

(man)
The Reverend Father
(full name)
Address

(woman)
Reverend Mother
(full name)/
Reverend Sister
(full name)

Dear Father (name):

Dear Reverend Mother:/

Dear Reverend Sister:

Yours sincerely,

Yours sincerely,

Yours sincerely,

"Reverend
Father"

"Reverend
Mother (name)"

"Reverend
Sister
(name)"

Anglican Church of Canada The Primate

The Most Reverend
(full name)
Primate of
the Anglican Church
of Canada
Address

Dear Archbishop (name): Yours sincerely,

"Archbishop"

An Archbishop

The Most Reverend
(full name),
D.D.
Archbishop
of (name of Diocese)
Address

Dear Archbishop (name): Yours very truly,

"Archbishop"

A Bishop

The Right Reverend
(full name)
Bishop of (name of Diocese)
Address

Dear Bishop (name): Yours very truly,

"Bishop (name)" or
"Bishop"

A Dean

The Very Reverend
(full name)
Dean of (name of Cathedral)
Address

Dear Dean (name): Yours sincerely,

"Dean (name)"
or
"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"

Archdeacon

The Venerable (full name)
Archdeacon
Address

Dear Archdeacon (name): Yours sincerely,

"Archdeacon (name)"

A Canon

The Reverend Canon
(full name)
Address

Dear Canon (name): Yours sincerely,

"Canon (name)"

A Priest*

The Reverend (full name)
Address

* Note: "Reverend" is an adjective which is never used without the full name.

Dear Father (name) or
Dear Mr. (name):

Dear Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name):

Yours sincerely,

"Father" or "Father (name)"
"Mrs./Ms./
Miss (name)"

Religious

(man)
The Reverend Father
(full name)
Address

(woman)
Reverend Mother
(full name)/
Reverend Sister
(full name)

Dear Father (name):

Dear Reverend Mother: /

Dear Reverend Sister:

Yours sincerely,

Yours sincerely,

Yours sincerely,

"Reverend
Father"

"Reverend
Mother (name)"

"Reverend
Sister (name)"

Other
religious
denominations
A Moderator
(United Church of Canada and Presbyterian Church in Canada)

A present ordained Moderator:

The Right Reverend
(full name)
Moderator of (name of Church)
Address

A past ordained Moderator:

The Very Reverend
(full name) *
Moderator of (name of Church)
Address

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name):
Yours sincerely,

"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"

A Minister*

The Reverend (full name)
Address

* Note: "Reverend" is an adjective which is never used without the full name.

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name):
Yours sincerely,

"Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"

A Rabbi

Rabbi
(full name)
Address

Dear Rabbi (name): Yours sincerely,

"Rabbi (name)"

Others

DignitarySalutationFinal SalutationIn
conversation
Lawyers /
Notaries

Mr., Mrs., Ms.
or Miss (full name)
Mr., Mrs., Ms.
or Miss (full name), Q.C.

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss (name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"
A Mayor

His/Her Worship
(full name)
Mayor of (name)
Address

Dear Sir/Madam: or

Dear Mr./Madam Mayor:

Yours sincerely, "Your Worship"
first, then
"Mayor (name)"
Armed Forces Officer rank

Brigadier General/
Major General/
Lieutenant General/
General
(full name)
Colonel
(full name)
Lieutenant Colonel
(full name)
Major
(full name)
Captain
(full name)
Lieutenant
(full name)
Address

Dear
General:

Dear
Colonel:
Dear Lieutenant Colonel:
Dear
Major:
Dear
Captain:
Dear Lieutenant/
Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name):

Yours sincerely, "General
(name)"
"Colonel
(name)"
"Lieutenant (name)"
NCO and
other ranks

Chief Warrant Officer
(full name)
Master Warrant Officer
(full name)
Warrant Officer
(full name)
Sergeant
(full name)
Corporal
(full name)
Private
(full name)

Dear Chief Warrant
(name):
Dear Master Warrant
(name):
Dear Warrant (name):
Dear Sergeant (name):
Dear Corporal (name):
Dear Private (name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"
Aide-de-camp*

* Post nominals "A. de C." have been authorized for Aides-de-camps to the Governor General and Lieutenant Governors.

Military - (according to rank) (see
Armed
Forces)
(see Armed Forces) (see
Armed
Forces)
Civilian - (according to their title)
Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(full name)
Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"
Native Citizens Indian Chiefs

Chief
(full name)
Chief of
(name)
Address

Dear Chief
(name):
Yours sincerely, "Chief
(name)"
Band Councillors

Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(full name)
Address

Dear Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name):
Yours sincerely, "Mr./Mrs./
Ms./Miss
(name)"
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