Application Guidelines – Aid to Publishers component

Canada Periodical Fund

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2016

Catalogue No.: CH41-23E-PDF
ISSN: 1927-1581

On this page:

Objectives and expected results for the Canada Periodical Fund

The Canada Periodical Fund provides financial support to Canadian print magazines, non-daily newspapers and digital periodicals, to enable them to overcome market disadvantages.  The Fund ensures Canadians have access to diverse Canadian editorial content in printed magazines, printed non-daily newspapers and digital periodicals.

Objectives and expected results for the Aid to Publishers component

The Aid to Publishers component is designed to provide eligible Canadian publishers of print magazines and non‑daily newspapers with the financial support they need to produce and distribute high-quality, Canadian editorial content for Canadian readers.

We recognize that official language minority, Aboriginal and ethnocultural periodicals have a key role in the communities they serve. These periodicals benefit from special measures that improve their access to the Aid to Publishers component. These measures deal with matters such as the number of paid copies, the percentage of paid circulation and the prices of magazines and newspapers.

Application deadline

December 19, 2016

When an application deadline date falls on a weekend or statutory holiday, it is extended to the following working day.

Who can apply

Publishing firms producing printed paid or request circulation magazines and paid circulation non-daily newspapers can apply.

Non-daily newspapers are not eligible under request circulation.

To be eligible, you must meet all eligibility criteria for both the publishing firm and your periodical until March 31, 2018.

Eligible publishing firms

Your publishing firm must:

  • be a private-sector entity, which includes corporations, not-for-profit organizations, partnerships and sole proprietorships;
  • be majority owned and controlled by Canadians;
  • have its principal place of business in Canada; and
  • have published one or more eligible periodicals at the application deadline.

Eligible periodicals

Your periodical must:

  • be published by an eligible publishing firm;
  • be majority owned and controlled by Canadians;
  • be either a printed magazine or a printed non-daily newspaper;
  • be distributed using either a majority of paid circulation or request circulation;
  • have completed at least one uninterrupted 12-month publishing cycle at the application deadline, and continue to be published until at least March 31, 2018;
  • have published between two and 52 regular issues and no more than 56 issues during the financial year, including special issues;
  • contain an average of at least 80% Canadian editorial content in the issues published during the publisher’s financial year. Ethnocultural periodicals must contain an average of at least 50% Canadian editorial content in the issues published during the financial year;
  • contain an average of at most 70% advertising in the issues published during the financial year;
  • contain a majority of original content; and
  • be edited, designed, assembled and published in Canada.

The following periodicals are ineligible under the Aid to Publishers component:

  • daily newspapers;
  • free periodicals;
  • newsletters;
  • periodicals produced by or for an organization that primarily reports on the activities or promotes the interests of the organization;
  • periodicals produced by or for an organization providing goods or services in which the main goal of the periodical is to promote the sales of the goods or services;
  • periodicals produced under contract by a non-Canadian organization on behalf of a Canadian client;
  • periodicals produced under contract by a Canadian organization for a non‑Canadian client;
  • periodicals produced by or for an organization that promotes the organization’s main business, when it is not periodical publishing;
  • professional association periodicals;
  • periodicals produced by or for a government, a Crown Corporation or a government agency;
  • periodicals produced only digitally (the Business Innovation component supports digital periodicals);
  • periodicals whose editorial content is primarily reproduced or repeated from current or previous issues of the same periodical or other publications;
  • loose-leaf periodicals;
  • periodicals with editorial content that is made up of more than 50% of the following, singly or in combination: listings, catalogues, magalogues, directories, guides, financial reports, schedules, calendars, timetables, comic books, cartoons, puzzles, games and horoscopes; and
  • periodicals that contain offensive content in the opinion of the of the department of Canadian Heritage.

Eligible expenses

You have flexibility in the use of funds.

Financial support can be spent on different activities, including:

Financial support must be spent for expenses that occur during the next fiscal year (from April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018). You may be required to return any part of the financial support not spent by the end of that period.

Eligibility criteria

We are responsible for determining the eligibility of the periodical firm and your publication.

Paid circulation magazines must:

  • have sold at least 3,500 paid copies through subscription copies and single-copy/newsstand copies during the financial year. Aboriginal, official language minority, ethnocultural and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) magazines must have sold at least 2,000 paid copies during the financial year;
  • have sold from its total circulation at least 50% of copies consisting of subscription copies, single-copy/newsstand copies and sponsored copies during the financial year. This criterion is not applicable to Aboriginal, official language minority, ethnocultural and LGBT magazines;
  • have subscriptions sold at a minimum average subscription price of $12 per year; or at a minimum average subscription price of $1 per copy; and
  • have single copies and newsstand copies sold at a minimum average price of $1 per copy.

Both the subscription and the single-copy prices must appear on the cover or in the masthead of the magazine. The minimum prices do not apply to Aboriginal, official language minority, ethnocultural, and LGBT magazines.

Though sponsored copies are counted to determine if this criterion is met, sponsored copies are not included in the formula to calculate the financial support amount.

Paid circulation non-daily newspapers must:

  • have sold at least 3,500 paid copies through subscription copies and single-copy/newsstand copies during the financial year. Aboriginal, official language minority, ethnocultural and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) non-daily newspapers must have sold at least 2,000 paid copies during the financial year;
  • have sold during the financial year from its total circulation at least 50% of copies consisting of subscription copies, single-copy/newsstand copies and sponsored copies. Though sponsored copies are counted to determine if this criterion is met, sponsored copies are not included in the formula to calculate the financial support amount. This criterion is not applicable to Aboriginal, official language minority, ethnocultural and LGBT non-daily newspapers;
  • have subscriptions sold at a minimum average subscription price of $12 per year; or at a minimum average subscription price of $0.50 per copy; and
  • have single copies and newsstand copies sold at a minimum average single-copy price of $0.50 per copy.

Both the subscription and single-copy prices must appear on the cover or in the masthead of the non-daily newspaper. The minimum prices do not apply to Aboriginal, official language minority and LGBT non-daily newspapers.

How to calculate if the publisher has sold at least 50% of copies of a magazine or non-daily newspaper from the total circulation during the financial year:

TypeNumber of copies
Paid circulation

Subscription copies sold

40,000

Single copies/newsstand copies sold

10,000

Sponsored copies

10,000

Subtotal

60,000

Non-paid circulation

Controlled/complimentary copies

40,000

Total circulation

100,000

Subscription copies sold + single copies/newsstand copies sold + sponsored copies = 60,000 copies out of total circulation of 100,000 copies = 60%.

The publisher sold 60% of subscription copies, single copies/newsstand copies and sponsored copies, and has met the eligibility criterion: "Have sold from its total circulation at least 50% of copies consisting of subscription copies, single-copy/newsstand copies and sponsored copies during the financial year."

Request circulation magazines must:

  • have distributed at least 3,500 request copies from direct request during the financial year; and
  • have distributed at least 50% of its total circulation consisting of direct request and other request copies during the financial year. Though other request copies are counted to determine if this criterion is met, other request copies are not included in the formula to calculate the financial support amount.

Request circulation does not include controlled and complimentary copies.

How to calculate if the publisher has distributed at least 50% of copies of a magazine consisting of direct request and other request copies from the total circulation during the financial year:

TypeNumber of copies
Paid circulation

Subscription copies sold

500

Single copies/newsstand copies sold

100

Sponsored copies

900

Subtotal

1,500

Request circulation

Direct request copies

50,500

Other request copies

10,000

Subtotal

60,500

Non-paid circulation

Controlled/complimentary copies

2,000

Total circulation

64,000

Direct request copies + other request copies = 60,500 copies out of total circulation of 64,000 copies = 95%.

The publisher distributed 95% of copies by direct request and other request, and has met the eligibility criterion: "Have distributed at least 50% of copies of its total circulation consisting of direct request and other request copies during the financial year."

Limits of government assistance

Except for farm periodicals, we can fund up to $1.5 million per periodical.

The total financial assistance received from the Aid to publishers component of the Canada Periodical Fund and other levels of government (federal, provincial, territorial and municipal) cannot exceed 75% of any publisher’s total expenditures for the creation, production, marketing and distribution of magazines and non-daily newspapers.

How to apply

Read these Application Guidelines in their entirety before completing your application. 

When completing the application form, you must report on the publishing activities that occurred during the publishing firm’s twelve (12) month financial year that ends on a date within the period of April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016.

You may apply using the paid circulation business model or the request circulation business model, not a combination of both.

You must meet all eligibility requirements and submit a complete application package to be considered for funding. A complete application package includes the Aid to Publishers – Application Form and the following supporting documents:

Additional information and documents, such as audit circulation reports, financial statements, or additional issues can be requested to determine the eligibility.

Marked copy of the last regular issue of the financial year

You must identify with a BLACK MARKER all images and text on each page of the last regular issue of the financial year using the following codes:

C = Canadian editorial content

F = Foreign editorial content

A = Advertising pages

N = Non-revenue pages

L = Listings

Please mark all images, photographs, graphics, illustrations and text separately.

Calculate the number of pages or fraction of pages for each type of content by rounding off to the nearest whole number. Enter the result for each type of content in the “Periodical Information, Page Count” section of the application form.

For verification purposes, we may request additional marked copies, which must be provided.

Circulation verification requirements

We accept reports from the following audit circulation boards:

  • Canadian Circulations Audit Board (CCAB/BPA), a division of BPA Worldwide
  • Alliance for Audited Media (AAM)
  • Canadian Community Newspaper Association (CCNA) / Canadian Media Circulation Audit (CMCA)

In order to complete the “Financial Year Information” of the Periodical section of the application form, you must provide the following documents:

For paid circulation periodicals with less than 50,000 copies

Your periodical financial information entered in the “Financial Year Information” of the Periodical section of the application form will serve to substantiate the paid circulation.

For paid circulation periodicals with 50,000 copies and over

You must provide circulation reports, issued by an accepted audit circulation board, for a consecutive 12-month period that begins in the financial year entered in “Financial information of the publishing firm” section of the application form. The circulation reports requirement does not apply to Aboriginal periodicals, official language minority periodicals and religious periodicals.

First time applicants –paid circulation periodicals with 50,000 copies and over

You must submit, within six months of the application deadline, an Audit Report issued by an accepted audit circulation board, for a consecutive 12-month period that begins in the financial year entered on the application form. If you are unable to provide circulation reports at the time of the application deadline, a proof of application to an accepted audit circulation board must be submitted with the application form; otherwise you will not be accepted.

For request circulation magazines

You must provide circulation reports, issued by an accepted audit circulation board, for a consecutive 12-month period that begins in the financial year reported in the application form.

Direct request copies

Only copies circulated under direct request are eligible for financial support. To ensure that circulation reports meet our requirements, you must request, from the audit circulation board, circulation reports that contain a breakout of copies circulated under direct request, request from recipients’ company and any other type of circulation.

Application process

You must complete, sign and date the Aid to Publishers – Application Form and attach all the required supporting documents, as detailed above.

Please submit your application in only one format.

Mail or in-person submissions

You can mail, courier or hand-deliver your complete application package to the following address:

Canada Periodical Fund
Aid to Publishers
Department of Canadian Heritage
25 Eddy Street, 25-8-U
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 0M5

Your application must be postmarked or hand-delivered no later than the published deadline to be considered.

How applications are evaluated

Funding is distributed proportionally according to the number of eligible copies distributed by each recipient; the proportion is adjusted to account for the following factors: circulation business model; circulation volume; type; category of periodical and if the periodical also exists in digital format.

These factors are given additional consideration to reflect the core principles of the Canada Periodical Fund that:

Evaluation criteria

Your application will be evaluated based on the following formula:

Total number of eligible copies circulated for a periodical during its financial year:

Paid magazines and non-daily newspapers

Only copies sold through subscription, and single–copy/newsstand copies are counted in the formula. Sponsored copies are not counted in the formula, even though they are considered toward the eligibility criteria.

Request circulation magazines

Only copies under direct request circulation are counted in the formula. Other request copies are not counted in the formula, even though they are considered toward the eligibility criteria.

Application processing time

For application processing time, please refer to the Service standards for Canadian Heritage funding programs or contact the program.

We will acknowledge of receipt of your application within two weeks of submitting your application.

Funding decisions

Please note that decisions regarding eligibility and funding amounts are final. 

How funding is provided

We will determine if funding will be disbursed as a grant or as a contribution.

A grant is a payment issued to a recipient based on pre-established eligibility criteria. You may be required to submit a report and/or participate in the evaluation of results.

A contribution is a conditional payment issued for a specific purpose, as outlined in a funding agreement. The agreement is signed by us and your organization and specifies the terms and conditions to receive payment. At the end of the funding agreement, you must submit a final report.

Funding conditions

Additional conditions may apply and will be included in your funding agreement.

Should the status of your publishing firm or periodical change, you must immediately inform us if one or more of the following changes occurs:

Should shares or assets of your periodical or publishing firm be sold, merged or by any other means transferred, resulting in a change of control of the specific firm or of the specific periodical, the following applies:

The publishing firms must sign an Assignment and Assumption Agreement, and the new owner must submit proof that it is Canadian-owned and -controlled. Otherwise, it will cease to be eligible to the funding. Contact us to obtain an Assignment and Assumption Agreement.

All or part of the financial support will have to be reimbursed, if you cease to be eligible during any part of 2017-2018.

Prior to the release of a payment through a funding agreement, you must pay any outstanding amount to the Receiver General. If you fail to comply with the obligations related to prior funding, including repayment requirements, your future applications for funding may be rejected.

Official languages requirements

We are committed to taking positive measures to enhance the vitality of official language minority communities and to promote the use of English and French in Canadian society. If you receive funding, you agree to comply with the official languages requirements set out in your application or in your funding agreement.

Acknowledgement of financial assistance

If you receive funding, you must publically acknowledge – in English and in French – the financial support received from us in all communications materials and promotional activities. Additional requirements may be included in your funding agreement. For additional information, please refer to our Guide on the public acknowledgement of financial support.

The acknowledgement must be prominently displayed in the masthead of the periodical. If all the content of the funded periodical is available in only one of the official languages, the acknowledgement text can be published in that language.

Access to information requests

We are subject to the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act. The information you submit in your application may be disclosed in accordance with these Acts.

Disclosure of information

By submitting your funding application, you authorize us to disclose any information submitted with this application within the Government of Canada or to outside entities for the following purposes:

Audits of recipients and evaluation of the Program

We reserve the right to audit your accounts and records to ensure compliance with the terms and conditions of your funding agreement. We also conduct periodic Program evaluations, during which you may be required to present documentation.

You must keep any records, documents, or other information that may be required to perform the audit or the evaluation for five years. Demonstrated failure to maintain such records may result in the requirement to repay amounts previously received.

Contact us

For further information, please contact us:

Department of Canadian Heritage
Canada Periodical Fund
Aid to Publishers Component
25 Eddy Street, 25-8-U
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 0M5

Email

PCH.fondsdesperiodiquescanada-canadaperiodicalfund.PCH@canada.ca

Telephone

1-866-811-0055 (toll-free)

TTY

1-888-997-3123

Agents are available to answer your questions Monday to Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (EST).

Regional offices of the Department of Canadian Heritage

Glossary

Aboriginal periodical

A periodical that is primarily targeted to and concerned with serving First Nations, Inuit or Métis peoples and their communities.

Advertising pages

Include paid advertising, contra or in-kind advertisements and advertorial, but does not include charitable, public service, house advertisements, the masthead or other non-revenue pages.

Advertorial content (new definition)

Content of a periodical that promotes or presents the interests, opinions, services or products of an advertiser in a similar style, format and payout as the editorial content. Advertorial content is considered to be advertising.

Articles of incorporation

A legal document filed with a provincial or territorial government, or the federal government, which sets out a corporation's purpose and regulations.

Arts and literary periodical

A periodical that fosters awareness of the arts and literature and nurtures the vitality of Canadian cultural expression in Canada.

Average circulation

The average circulation is the total number of copies circulated during the financial year divided by the total number of issues published during that financial year.

Business number

A Business Number is a unique 9-digit number assigned by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). A sole proprietor, partnership, corporation, trust or other organization must enter their Business number on the application form in "Publishing Firm Information" section. Register your business on the CRA website.

Canadian editorial content

Editorial content (text and photographs, graphics and illustrations) created or translated by a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or a participant to a federal or provincial program that provides work experiences or internships to individuals.Translated editorial content by a citizen or a permanent resident of Canada within the meaning of this Act will be considered Canadian editorial content if the editorial content is translated into one of the two official languages. Translation does not modify the nature of the editorial content.

Canadian ownership and control

To be eligible, a publishing firm or periodical must be majority owned and controlled by a Canadian. For the Canada periodical Fund, “Canadian” means:

  1. a Canadian citizen;
  2. a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act;
  3. a Canadian corporation (see below);
  4. a partnership, trust or joint venture in which a Canadian or permanent resident or any combination of Canadians and/or permanents residents  beneficially owns and controls, directly or indirectly, interests representing in value at least 51% of the total value of the assets of the partnership, trust or joint venture, as the case may be. , The president or other presiding officer, and more than half of the directors or other similar officers are also Canadians or permanent residents;
  5. a not-for-profit organization in which at least 51% of its members and directors are Canadians or permanent residents.

If at any time one or more persons who are not Canadian have any direct or indirect influence through a trust, an agreement, an arrangement or otherwise that, if exercised, would lead to a control in fact of the publishing firm, the firm will no longer be recognized as Canadian-owned.

"Canadian corporation" is one that meets the following criteria:

  1. a corporation that is incorporated under the laws of Canada, a province or a territory;
  2. a corporation whose principal place of business is in Canada;
  3. a corporation whose president or other presiding officer, and more than half of the directors or other similar officers are Canadian citizens or permanent residents within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act;
  4. a corporation, in the case of a corporation with share capital, of which Canadians beneficially own and control, other than by way of shares held only as security, directly or indirectly, in the aggregate at least 51% of all the issued and outstanding voting shares representing more than half of the votes; and
  5. a corporation, in the case of a corporation without share capital, of which Canadians beneficially own and control, directly or indirectly, interests representing in value at least 51% of the total value of the assets.

As an exception to the requirement for both Canadian ownership and Canadian control, publishing firms that are owned by Canadians and have operated in Canada as a publisher of periodicals for at least thirty years will be considered eligible even if they are not Canadian-controlled.

Circulation report

A circulation report issued by an accepted audit circulation board that reports on the volume of circulation by source, circulation type by breakout, frequency, locations of distribution and selling price for a magazine or non-daily newspaper during a specific period.

We accept reports from the following audit circulation boards:

  • Canadian Circulations Audit Board (CCAB/BPA), a division of BPA Worldwide
  • Alliance for Audited Media (AAM)
  • Canadian Community Newspaper Association (CCNA) / Canadian Media Circulation Audit (CMCA)
Consumer periodical

A periodical aimed at the public, of two types:

  • General interest: dealing with broad topics likely to be of interest to anyone, such as news, general history and entertainment.
  • Special interest: dealing with niche topics, such as hobbies, cooking, sports, and countless other topics.
Complimentary circulation

Copies distributed free of charge.

Controlled circulation

Copies distributed free of charge on a regular basis to consumers selected by the publisher.

Cost of goods sold

Value of the opening stock plus all purchases less the value of the closing stock.

Digital periodical

A digital periodical is defined as primarily text, photographic, and illustrated editorial content delivered through a website, download or email, and that is published on a regularly scheduled basis under a common title and governed by an editorial function (editor).

Periodicals produced only digitally are not eligible under the Aid to publishers component. (The Business Innovation component of the Canada Periodical Fund supports digital periodicals).

Digital non-replica periodical

A periodical that is the digital version of a print magazine but whose content is at least 50% original.

Editorial content

The space in a periodical, excluding advertising and non-revenue pages, which consists of original text, images, photographs, graphics and illustrations.

Ethnocultural periodical

A periodical that primarily serves or is primarily concerned with a commonly recognized specific cultural or racially distinct community or specific linguistic group using other than Canada’s official languages.

An eligible ethnocultural periodical may be published in any language.

Farm periodical

A periodical aimed at the farming industry, including animal farming.

Final report

A final report is submitted at the end of your project based on the requirements defined in the funding agreement.

Financial year

Refers to the publishing firm’s twelve-month financial year that ends on a date within the period of April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016.

Fiscal year (of the Government)

Refers to the federal government fiscal year, which starts on April 1 of a given year and ends on March 31 of the following year.

Foreign editorial content

Editorial content (text and images) created or translated by a person who is not a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. If the creator or translator is unknown, or if the citizenship cannot be determined, the editorial content is deemed foreign.

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

An internationally agreed upon standard number that uniquely identifies a publication. It is assigned by the ISSN Network.

LGBT periodical

A periodical that primarily serves or is primarily concerned with the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities.

Listings

A series of words, numbers, paragraphs, photos or other items, which may include descriptions, opinions or analysis. Examples: stock listings, sports scores and standings, television listings, product descriptions and restaurant descriptions.

Magazine

A print periodical that is commonly recognized as a magazine, is paginated and bound, appears in consecutively numbered or dated issues, is published under a common title at regular intervals and may possess an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN).

Masthead

The section of a periodical which lists information on the staff, the publisher, the editorial board, and provides contact information.

Newsletter

A publication, issued periodically, typically by a business, institution, or other organization, that presents information and news to members, customers, or employees with a specific interest in the organization or subject.

A newsletter attributes include the following but may not be limited to:

  • No cover page
  • The articles start immediately
  • Unbound, fewer than 20 pages
  • No table of contents
  • No list of authors
  • No full masthead
  • No regular editorial columns or letter to the editor
  • Can be part of a continued series.

Newsletters are not eligible for funding under the Aid to publishers component.

Newspaper

A print periodical scoring six or more points on the following scale is a newspaper.

SpecificationsPoints

1. Broadsheet format, tabloid format or outsized (larger than 8‑1/2 x 11 inches)

2

2. Unbound

3

3. Printed on any type of newsprint

1

4. Identified as a newspaper

1

5. Cover subdivided (articles, boxed photos)

1

6. Advertising on front cover

1

7. Divided into detachable regular sections, such as news, analysis, entertainment, sports

1

Total

/10

Non-daily newspaper

A print and non-bound periodical that primarily circulates local or regional information on a geographically defined territory or on information on the basis of common interests (e.g.: farm, ethnocultural, minority official language, religious), published under a common name at regular intervals, and no more than once a week.

Non-revenue pages

All pages other than advertising pages, contra or editorial. They can include self-promotional pages, pages donated to local charities or businesses, delivery of in-kind services, etc. Blank pages are considered to be non-revenue pages.

Offensive content

Periodicals or projects that, in our opinion, contain or promote any of the following:

  • material that is hate propaganda, obscene or child pornography, or any other illegal material, as defined in the Criminal Code;
  • pornography or other material having significant sexual content unless it can be demonstrated that there is an overriding educational or other similar purpose;
  • material that contains excessive or gratuitous violence;
  • material that is denigrating to an identifiable group; or
  • any other similarly offensive material.

Periodicals that contain offensive content, in our opinion, are not eligible for funding under the Aid to publishers component.

Official language minority periodical

A periodical that is published in English or French, in a region of Canada where the language and content of the periodical primarily serves and is concerned with an official language minority community (a French-language community outside of Quebec or an English-language community in Quebec).

Original content (new definition)

Editorial content created for the Canadian market that has not previously been published elsewhere in Canada or abroad, including websites and other Canadian or foreign periodicals.

Paid circulation

Copies of a magazine or non-daily newspaper sold through subscriptions, single-copies/ newsstand sales and sponsored copies.

Professional association periodical

A professional association periodical meets all the following conditions:

  • is directly owned by an association;
  • membership in the association is necessary to maintain a professional status which is recognized by a federal or provincial statute; and
  • membership in the association includes paying professional dues which are deductible under subparagraph 8(1)(i) (i) of the Income Tax Act.

Professional association periodicals are not eligible for funding under the Aid to publishers component.

Publishing cycle

The number of issues of a periodical, pre-determined by the publishing firm, that are published during the 12-month financial year.

Religious periodical

A periodical that is primarily religious in purpose and content.

Request circulation - Direct request copies

Copies of magazines that are individually addressed to recipients who have directly requested the periodical from a publishing firm using written, telephone, email or fax request.

Scholarly journal

A magazine, aimed at specialists, which presents results of research in a specific field for disseminating knowledge.

Special issue

An insert or a combination of two issues is not considered as a special issue. A special issue:

  • is published within the regular publishing cycle;
  • is an additional issue, sent separately, that focuses on a specific theme or topic;
  • has a title and International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) common to the host periodical; and
  • has its cost included in the subscription cost.
Sponsored content (new definition)

A specific and distinct section of content that is sponsored by a single advertiser. The sponsored content will often match the subject matter, as well as the targeted audience. Sponsored content is considered to be advertising.

Sponsored copies

Copies purchased by a sponsor for distribution to targeted consumers to increase its relationship with the consumers.

Subscriber

An individual who has knowingly paid or undertaken to pay for a subscription to a periodical, to be delivered over a specified period.

Trade magazine

A magazine that is targeted to workers in a particular field of employment, usually using request circulation. Also known as a business, business-to-business, or professional magazine.

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